Print version ISSN 0102-0536
FIGUEIREDO, Cícero Célio de; RAMOS, Maria Lucrécia G; MCMANUS, Concepta M and MENEZES, Adriana M de. Mineralization of sheep manure and its influence on lettuce production. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.1, pp. 175-179. ISSN 0102-0536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362012000100029.
Several organic wastes are used in agriculture with no precise knowledge about the mineralization dynamics of these materials. In this study the sheep manure mineralization and its influence on the lettuce production was evaluated. A randomized block design with three replications was used. Five treatments were studied using 25 t ha-1 as dose of manure: 1) sheep manure obtained from animals fed with cassava straw (PAM); 2) sheep manure obtained from animals fed with residue of pea crop (ERV); 3) sheep manure obtained from animals fed with Coast-Cross hay (FCC), 4) sheep manure obtained from animals fed with saccharin residue (SAC) and 5) soil without application of manure (control). Weekly the basal respiration was determined and used as an indicator of organic matter mineralization. Lettuce fresh mass was evaluated as a measure of production. Treatments ERV, FCC and SAC showed superior weight gains of 68, 65 and 62% compared to the control and 43, 39 and 33% compared to MAP, respectively. Lower production promoted by the MAP in relation to the other treatments can be explained by organic matter mineralization that showed a high microbial respiration five days after transplanting, with marked decline in subsequent measurements during the crop cycle. The other systems showed mineralization synchronized with the production increase of lettuce fresh mass.
Keywords : Lactuca sativa; microbial respiration; manure; organic fertilization.