Print version ISSN 0102-0536
BRATTI, Elisa F et al. Lime and potassium doses for the Gladiolus grandiflorus cropping in Dourados, Brazil. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.3, pp. 397-402. ISSN 0102-0536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362012000300007.
Cultivation of gladiolus in the Brazilian Savannah (locally known as Cerrado), a biome characterized by low fertility and high soil acidity, requires the use of lime and fertilizer, mainly potassium. The effect of lime and potassium rates was evaluated in the cultivation of gladiolus plants in an Oxisol (Typical Haplustox) from Cerrado, in Dourados municipality, Mato Grosso do Sul state. The experiment was carried out in the Univerdidade Federal da Grande Dourados. We adopted the randomized blocks design with four replications; the treatments were arranged in split-plots and the plots were composed of two plants of gladiolus cultivar Peter Pears, grown in plastic pots of 5 L. Thus, five rates of lime (0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 t ha-1) were applied to the main plots one month before planting and five K2O rates (0, 20, 40, 80, and 160 kg ha-1) were applied to the sub-plots, using potassium chloride (KCl) as source. The length of the leaves, beginning of flowering, durability and number of flower buds, plant height and length of floral stalks were determined. After flowering, fresh weight, length and diameter of the corms and the nutrient content of the shoots were evaluated. The length of the leaves, beginning of flowering and durability of the flower buds were neither affected by liming, nor by fertilization with potassium. Excessive K and CaCO3 doses were harmful to plant height, length of floral stalk and spike, and reduced the number of flower buds and the diameter of the corm. High concentrations of exchangeable K in the soil decreased absorption of magnesium by the plants. The studied rates of lime and potassium were not efficient for the production of gladiolus plants classified as extra large in the market.
Keywords : Gladiolus grandiflorus; floriculture; fertilization; corms.