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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536versão On-line ISSN 1806-9991

Resumo

SILVA, Paulo SL et al. Doses of carnauba leaf residues and corn yield. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2014, vol.32, n.1, pp.74-79. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362014000100012.

Corn yield can be increased with the application of residues from perennial plant species. Many growers in Northeastern Brazil use carnauba (a palm tree native to that region) leaf residues to address deficiencies in soils that are poor in organic matter. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of application of carnauba leaf residue (crushed leaf blades applied two years after the harvest) doses on the green ear yield of two corn cultivars. Additionally, we also evaluated corn grain yield. Doses of leaf residues (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 t ha-1) were applied in the sowing furrows of corn cultivars (AG 1051 and BR 106). A completely randomized block design with five replicates and split-plots was used (doses in plots). Increased doses of leaf residues resulted in higher total number of green ears and higher number and weight of marketable unhusked green ears (BR 106), and higher total green ear weight, marketable husked green ear weight, and grain yield (AG 1051 and BR 106). However, the application of carnauba leaf residues did not influence the total number of green ears, number of marketable unhusked ears, unhusked ear weight (AG 1051), and number of marketable husked ears (AG 1051 and BR 106). Cultivar BR 106 was superior to cultivar AG 1051 in total number of green ears and number of marketable unhusked green ears, while the opposite occurred for green ear weight and grain yield.

Palavras-chave : Copernicia prunifera; Zea mays; green corn; grain yield; bagana; straw.

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