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Horticultura Brasileira

versão impressa ISSN 0102-0536versão On-line ISSN 1806-9991

Resumo

MABOKO, Martin M; PLOOY, Christian P Du  e  CHILOANE, Silence. Yield of determinate tomato cultivars grown in a closed hydroponic system as affected by plant spacing. Hortic. Bras. [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.2, pp.258-264. ISSN 0102-0536.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-053620170217.

In South Africa there are no established spacing recommendations for determinate tomato cultivar production under closed hydroponic systems. This study was conducted to determine yield and quality of hydroponically grown determinate tomato cultivars at different plant densities. Four determinate tomato cultivars (Dynimo, Mariana, Mion and Sama) were subjected to four plant densities (10, 16, 20 and 25 plants/m2) during the spring/summer and summer/fall seasons. Experimental layout was a randomized complete block design in a factorial scheme of four plant spacing x four cultivars with three replicates. There were no significant differences in marketable yield between the cultivars tested during the spring/summer and summer/fall seasons. Cultivar Mion showed higher incidence of blossom end rot, while Mariana showed the highest fruit rot during the spring/summer season as compared to the other cultivars. During the spring/summer season, marketable yield increased with increased plant density with the highest yield obtained at 25 plants/m2 followed by 20 plants/m2. During the summer/fall season, plant density did not show a significant effect on total and marketable yield although a tendency for declined yield with increased density was observed. Number of fruit per plant as well as fruit size decreased with increased plant density during both seasons which did not have an effect on overall yield per plot area. Increasing the plant density to 25 plants/m2 can improve marketable yield of determinate tomato cultivars during spring/summer season while using a plant density of 10 plants/m2 will be more cost effective during the summer/fall season. This information will enable farmers to optimise yield and quality of determinate tomato cultivars under closed hydroponic systems.

Palavras-chave : Solanum lycopersicum; gravel-film technique; yield; soilless cultivation..

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