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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 0102-0935On-line version ISSN 1678-4162

Abstract

BORTOLOTTO, E.B. et al. Platelet-derived growth factor, retinol and insulin in the regulation of bovine oocyte nuclear maturation and their consequent effect in the embryonic development. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2001, vol.53, n.2, pp.1-7. ISSN 0102-0935.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352001000200011.

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF; P), insulin (I) retinol, (R) and their interactions (PI, PIR, IR and PR) on oocyte nuclear maturation (NM) and, consequent, embryonic development (ED). The basic medium for oocyte maturation in the treatments was the modified TCM-199, supplemented with PVA (control). To study the embryonic development, the oocytes were divided in three treatments, R, PIR e IR, a negative (PVA) and a positive control group (containing calf fetal serum and gonadotrophic hormones; FCSHOR). The PDGF, insulin, retinol and their interactions did not change the kinetic of the NM, in seven hours of culture (P=0.4492) but it changed after 18 hours of maturation (P<0.001) except in the treatments R and PR (P<0.001), in which the percentages of metaphase II were, respectively, 4.7% and 8.3%. These results were similar to the control group (0.0%). Considering a significant level of P<0.0001 in comparison to the control group, the higher rates of metaphase II were obtained in the presence of IR (19.0%) and PIR (21.3%). The higher rates of MII were observed when the oocytes were matured in the presence of insulin and retinol. In the embryonic development, R (18.3%), PIR (13.9%) and IR (10.6%) increased the rate of cleavage when compared to PVA group (0.0%; P<0.001). However, the oocytes were not competent enough to reach the rate obtained in the FCSHOR group (53.8%; P<0.001). In conclusion, insulin and PDGF accelerate NM and their effects are enhanced by retinol. In the embryonic development, oocytes matured in the presence of either R, IR or PIR have higher cleavage rate than PVA group but lower than those matured in the FCSHOR group.

Keywords : Bovine; oocyte; PDGF; insulin; retinol; nuclear maturation.

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