Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
versión impresa ISSN 0102-0935
RUAS, J.R.M. et al. Effect of the maternal genetic basis and of the calving season on productive variables of primiparous Holstein x Zebu cows. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2007, vol.59, n.1, pp. 218-224. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352007000100035.
Productive variables of 78 crossbred Holstein x Zebu primiparous cows of Gir or Guzera maternal genetic basis, calved in the dry or rainy season were evaluated using the GLM procedure of the SAS. The calving season affected the weight at calving (WC), body condition score at calving (BCS), service period (SP) and calving interval (CI). The WC and BCS were higher (P<0.05) por cows calved in the dry season, 475.19±39.81kg and 4.07±0.44, than in the rainy season, 420.67±37.80kg and 3.62±0.37, respectively. The SP and CI were shorter (P<0.05) for cows calved in the dry season, 132.02±91.94 days and 13.90±3.06 months, than cows calved in the rainy season, 190.07±77.27 days e 15.84±2.58 months, respectively. The Gir based cows had higher milk yield, longer lactation period and higher milk yield per day of calving interval than the Guzera based cows, respectively, 2276.15±656.47kg, 306.08±46.55 days, 5.06±1.38kg/day for the Gir and 1733.74±678.41kg, 265.62±67.11 days, 4.37±1.68kg/day for the Guzera based cows.
Palabras llave : dairy cattle; Holstein x Zebu; milk yield; reproductive traits; genetic basis; season calving.