Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4162
DOREA NETO, F.A. et al. The use of hydroxyapatite for arthrodesis in dogs and cats: a clinical study. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2007, vol.59, n.4, pp. 932-938. ISSN 1678-4162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352007000400018.
Twenty-five arthrodeses were performed in four cats and 17 dogs using synthetic hydroxyapatite as fresh autogenous graft cancellous bone substitute. Arthrodesis was performed in the carpal joint in eight cases, in the tarsal joint in 10, in the elbow joint in six, and in the knee joint in one case. The mean radiographic follow-up time was 30 days in one animal, 45 days in another animal and 60 days in the 19 remaining cases. Bone union was observed in 24 arthrodeses. Non-union of one elbow arthrodesis was due to failure of stabilization. Restoration of limb functionality was classified as good to excellent in 22 cases. Hydroxyapatite was able to promote bone growth and is suitable for using in routine surgical procedures for small animals.
Palavras-chave : dog; cat; bone fusion; carpal; tarsal; stifle; elbow.