Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
SUAREZ-MAHECHA, H. et al. Chilling effect on the post-mortem texture of the matrinxã fish muscle Brycon cephalus. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2007, vol.59, n.4, pp. 1067-1073. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352007000400037.
In order to determine the mechanisms that cause the post mortem muscle softness of the matrinxã Brycon cephalus, changes in the micro structure of the muscle were observed immediately after death and after 12 hours of storage at -3º C, measuring the firmness of the flesh with test instruments. Observations by the transmission electron microscope were similar to the results obtained in the breaking strength of the muscle measured with a texturometer. The values of the breaking strength of the fish muscle were smaller after chilling. At the same time, it was observed that the collagen fibers of the pericellular connective tissue had disintegrated, while the collagen fibers of the miocommata connective tissue maintained their organization and integrity. No evident breakdown of Z-discs was observed. It is suggested that the post-mortem tenderization of the matrinxã muscle during chilled storage was due to the disintegration of the collagen fibers in the pericellular connective tissue and, in a smaller extent, to the weakening of Z-disk.
Keywords : fish; matrinxa; Brycon cephalus; texture; collagen; connective tissue.