Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
SANTOS, F.G.A. et al. Apoptosis in the transplanted canine transmissible venereal tumor during growth and regression phases. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.60, n.3, pp. 607-612. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352008000300013.
Twelve male, mongrel, adult dogs were subcutaneously transplanted with cells originated from two canine transmissible venereal tumors (TVT). The aim was to demonstrate and to quantify the occurrence of apoptosis in the TVT regression. After six months of transplantation, a tumor sample was obtained from each dog, being six dogs with TVT in the growing phase and six in the regression phase as verified by daily measurements. Samples were processed for histological and ultrastructural purposes as well as for DNA extraction. Sections of 4µm were stained by HE, Shorr, methyl green pyronine, Van Gieson, TUNEL reaction and immunostained for P53. The Shorr stained sections went through morphometry that demonstrated an increase of the apoptotic cells per field in the regressive tumors. It was also confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, which showed cells with typical morphology of apoptosis and by the TUNEL reaction that detected in situ the 3'OH nick end labeling mainly in the regressive tumors. The regressive TVTs also showed an intensified immunostaining for P53 besides a more intense genomic DNA fragmentation detected by the agarose gel electrophoresis. In conclusion, apoptosis has an important role in the regression of the experimental TVT in a way that is P53-dependent.
Keywords : dog; venereal tumor; apoptosis; cell death.