Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
versión On-line ISSN 1678-4162
RIBEIRO, A.P. et al. Effects of topical levobunolol or fixed combination of dorzolamide-timolol or association of dorzolamide-levobunolol on intraocular pressure, pupil size, and heart rate in healthy cats. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2008, vol.60, n.5, pp. 1045-1052. ISSN 1678-4162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352008000500002.
The effects of topical levobunolol with the fixed combination of 2% dorzolamide-0.5% timolol and the association of 2% dorzolamide with 0.5% levobunolol on intraocular pressure (IOP), pupil size (PS), heart rate (HR), and conjunctival hyperemia in eighteen halthy cats were investigated and compared. IOP, PS, HR, and conjuntival hyperemia were daily recorded at three times (9a.m., 2p.m., and 6p.m.). Three groups were formed (n=6), and one eye of each animal was randomly selected and treated with topical levobunolol (L), or commercial combination of dorzolamide-timolol (DT), or the association of dorzolamide with levobunolol (DL). The first day (0) consisted of recording of baseline values. On the next four consecutive days, drugs were instilled at 8a.m. and 8p.m. and measurements were taken at the same times fore cited. Comparing with the baseline values, all evaluated parameters significantly decreased (P<0.001). Conjuntival hyperemia was not seen. Levobunolol significantly declined IOP, PS, and HR in normal cats, and showed a stronger effect in lowering HR, when compared to dorzolamide-timolol effect. No synergistic effect in IOP declining was noted when levobunolol dorzolamide was added to levobunolol.
Palabras clave : cat; levobunolol; beta-blockers; intraocular pressure; pupil size; heart rate.