Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
OLIVEIRA, G.K. et al. Autologue mononuclear stem cells and morphogenetic bone protein in experimentally induced tibial defect healing in dogs. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.1, pp. 72-79. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352010000100010.
Mononuclear stem cells (MSC) were experimentally implanted in bone defect, as an alternative to the conventional methods, in order to evaluate the healing speed, and the presence of these cells in the new-born tissue. Bone marrow (BM) was collected from 18 dogs, and then counted and morphometrically analyzed by manual count and myelogram. The dogs were separated in three groups (G) of six animals each. A tibial bone defect was surgically made in each dog and the wound was treated with gelatin sponge and physiologic solution (G1), gelatin sponge and processed BM (G2), and gelatin sponge, processed BM, and rhBMP-2 (G3). The healing was evaluated by radiographic study and the presence of MSC was microscopically identified by Qtracker nanocrystal labeler with a fluorescent light one week after the surgery. Cells from the bone lineage were found among the labeled cells. The radiographic evaluations demonstrated a speed up in bone growth in dogs from G2 and G3, and significant differences were found between G1 and G3 dogs, in all studied periods; and between G1 and G2 animals at 30 and 45 days. The rhBMP-2 supplemented or not-supplemented adult MSC are favorable alternatives to the bone growth in the healing process of acute experimental-induced tibial defects in dogs.
Keywords : dog; stem cells; rhBMP-2; tibial.