Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
versão On-line ISSN 1678-4162
TORRES, B.B.J. et al. Experimental model of acute spinal cord injury produced by modified steriotaxic equipment. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.1, pp.92-99. ISSN 1678-4162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352010000100013.
Fifty-five male rats (Rattus novergicus), Wistar variety, were used with the purpose of suggesting an experimental model of spinal cord trauma performed by using a modified stereotaxic equipment capable to reproduce clinically (standardized) pattern spinal cord injury. After dorsal laminectomy of T13, a compression was performed with 50.5g (25 animals - group I) or 70.5g (30 animals - group II) during five minutes on spinal cord. The animals were assisted during eight days by behavioral tests to evaluate painful sensibility, motor capacity, proprioceptive and tactil placing, and stability on inclined plan. In the group I, moderate and transitory neurological deficits were observed, that varied among the animals. In the group II, a standardized trauma was obtained, characterized by bilateral and symmetrical paraplegia of hindlimbs, loss of proprioception, and painful sensibility in all the animals. The use of developed stereotaxic equipment allowed to reproduce pattern spinal cord injury in rats, by a simply, economic, and satisfactory way. This can provide progresses in the therapeutic investigations embracing neurodegenerative diseases, like spinal cord injury.
Palavras-chave : rat; stereotaxic equipment; spinal cord injury.