Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
NAKAMURA, A.A.; HOMEM, C.G.; GARCIA, S.D. and MEIRELES, M.V.. Keratoconjunctivitis by Encephalitozoon hellem in lovebirds (Agapornis spp.) in Brazil: case report. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.4, pp. 816-820. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352010000400009.
A clinical case of keratoconjunctivitis by Encephalitozoon hellem in adult lovebirds (Agapornis spp.) from a commercial flock is reported. Five animals presented clinical symptoms of keratoconjunctivitis, blepharospasm, and bilateral blepharoedema, with seropurulent secretion. Coproparasitological diagnosis was carried out in fecal samples, with negative results. Two animals were necropsied, with detection of spores and other developmental stages of Microsporidium in conjunctival smears. The confirmation of the diagnosis was accomplished by the polimerase chain reaction with specific primers for 18S subunit of the rRNA of E. hellem, followed by sequencing of amplified fragments, which revealed 100% of genetic similarity to E. hellem. This study is the first report of E. hellem infection in birds in Brazil.
Keywords : keratoconjunctivitis; microsporidiosis; Encephalitozoon hellem; Agapornis spp.; zoonosis.