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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

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MACHADO, E.R; XAVIER, P.R  and  MARQUES JUNIOR, A.P. Histomorphometric characteristics of Nelore cows placentome in the initial, middle, and third terms of gestation. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2010, vol.62, n.6, pp.1388-1393. ISSN 0102-0935.

Histomorphometric characteristics of the placentome of the Nelore cow in the initial, medium, and final trimesters of pregnancy were evaluated using 52 pregnant uteri. For the estimation of the gestational age, aspects of fetal development were used. Fragments of a placentome of the uterine horn ipsilateral to the corpus luteum, which were immersed in formalin solution were collected, and processed for routine histological technique, included in paraffin, and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. The study of the volumetric proportion was done using a light microscope equipped with an integrated ocular. It was also made the quantification of the epithelial cells in the crypts of caruncles by light microscopy and with the help of a micrometric ocular with a grid of 100 divisions. It was found a decrease in the number of maternal cells of the epithelium in the crypts in advanced pregnancy. The average number of binucleate trophoblast cells remained similar throughout gestation, as well as the volumetric proportion of components of the maternal and fetal connective tissue and maternal blood vessels. For the fetal tissues, there was a progressive increase in the connective tissue in the three trimester of pregnancy

Keywords : cow; Nelore; placentome.

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