Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4162
FREITAS, P.P.S. et al. Rotavirus in cattle: risk factors, prevalence and antigenic characterization from dairy calves' samples in São Paulo State, Brazil. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.63, n.4, pp.820-827. ISSN 1678-4162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352011000400005.
The study on rotavirus infection prevalence in calves was undertaken in 51 dairy cattle herds, randomly selected, in a dairy area in the state of São Paulo. One hundred and three samples of feces from calves with diarrhea and 308 samples of feces from calves free from the disease, age ranging from 1 to 45 days, were collected from May 31st to October 20th 2003. Stool samples were analyzed through immunoenzymatic assay techniques (IEA) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). Rotavirus prevalence rate of 21.6% (11/51) was detected by IEA in cattle herds and 6.7% (27/404) in calf population. Rotavirus infection was diagnosed in calves with diarrhea (18.4%; 19/103) and in clinically healthy calves (2.7%; 8/301). The highest infection frequency was found in calves aged 1 to 15 days. There is an inverse relationship between positive frequency and age of animals (P<0.05). Factors which may affect rotavirus prevalence in herds, such as type of meals (manual milk supply or calf with dame), enclosure (individual or collective pens), herd size (number of matrixes) and age have been analyzed by the chi-square test, and significantly affected infection frequency (p<0.05). RNA from 27 positive samples by PAGE were classified in seven electrophorotypes and showed the rotavirus' extensive genomic diversity. Rotavirus positive samples genotyping was undertaken through the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), underpinning infections by special genotypes G6P and G10P.
Keywords : calf; rotavirus; diarrhea; risk factors; genotyping.