Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
PEREIRA, R. et al. Efficiency of a bacterial phytase to release phytate phosphorus in broiler chicken diets. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.1, pp. 137-144. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000100020.
The objective was to determine the efficiency of a bacterial phytase to release phytate phosphorus using calibration curves for performance and bone characteristics in broiler chickens. A completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 6 replicates was used in an experiment with chickens from 1 to 28 days of age. The control treatment was a diet based on corn and soybean meal deficient in phosphorus. Two treatments consisted of the basal diet supplemented with additional phosphorus (0.05% and 0.10%), and the other treatments received 66, 99 and 131 FTU/kg of feed. The standard curves represented the effect of the levels of additional P intake on performance and bone variables. Then, the responses of the phytase treatments were compared to the standard curves to calculate the P released. The increasing levels of supplemental P had a quadratic effect on weight gain, live weight and feed intake, and linear effect on mg of bone ash. The standard curve elected was mg of bone ash because linear response better represents the curve. Inclusion of 66, 99 and 131 FTU/kg released 0.048%, 0.049% and 0.062%. The bacterial phytase is efficient in releasing phytate, which may be of economical significance.
Keywords : broiler; available phosphorus; bone ash; standard curve.