Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
versão impressa ISSN 0102-0935
GOTTSCHALL, C.; BITTENCOURT, H.R.; MATTOS, R.C. e GREGORY, R.M.. Delay of beginning to FTAI on reproductive performance during to mating season of beef lactating cows. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.2, pp. 295-304. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000200007.
The effects of different FTAI protocols were compared to the natural mating of bulls on the reproductive performance of 249 Aberdeen Angus cows. Five groups were formed: Control (n=50); Crestar 2nd use (n=64); OvSynch (n=65); Primer 1st use (n=35) and Primer 2nd use (n=35). The FTAI of the animals in the Crestar 2nd use, OvSynch and Primer 1st use groups was accomplished 27 days after the beginning of the mating season for the control group and the FTAI in the Primer 2nd use group happened 38 days after the beginning of the mating season of the control group. From seven days after the FTAI cows were exposed to bulls until the end of the mating season. The mating season was of 91 days for the control group, 64 days for the Crestar 2nd use, OvSynch and Primer 1st use groups and 53 days for the Primer 2nd use group. The pregnancy rate at the end of the mating season didn't differ among the groups (P>0.05), being 85.9; 83.1; 82.9; 88.6 and 80.0% respectively, for Crestar 2nd use, OvSynch, Primer 1st use, Primer 2nd use and Control. The birth rate resulting from FTAI was 23.4; 29.2; 48.6 and 62.9% for the Crestar 2nd use, OvSynch, Primer 1stuse, Primer 2nd use groups, with significant difference (P<0.05) among Crestar and Primer 1st and 2nd use. OvSynch didn't differ in Crestar and Primer 1st use. Primer 1st use didn't differ from Primer 2nd use. The average reproductive losses between the gestation diagnosis and the birth were10.5%. The estimated calving interval (CI) didn't present differences among the animal groups, with an average of 478 days. The body condition score (BCS) of pregnant cows at the end of the reproductive station differed from BCS of empty cows in the control group, but it didn't differ in the other groups, possibly due to the hormonal treatment influence in inducing the oestrus and ovulation in animals with lower BCS. The delay of the accomplishment of FTAI after 27 or 38 days of the beginning of the mating season didn't affect the final pregnancy rate and CI of the cows, when compared to natural mating.
Palavras-chave : beef cows; reproductive losses; body condition score; bovine; ovarian condition.