Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4162
DE MARCO, V.; CARVALHO, L.R.; BILLERBECK, A.E.C. and MENDONCA, B.B.. Germline mutation analysis of Tpit in Poodle dogs with ACTH-dependent hyperadrenocorticism. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.4, pp.853-859. ISSN 1678-4162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000400010.
There is a high incidence of pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) in Poodle dogs, with family members being affected by the disease, suggesting a genetic involvement. Tpit is an obligate transcription factor for the expression of pro-opiomelanocortingene and for corticotroph terminal differentiation. The aim of the present study was to screen the Tpit gene for germline mutations in Poodles with PDH. Fifty Poodle dogs (33 female, 8.71±2.8 years) with PDH and 50 healthy Poodle dogs (32 females, 9.4241 2.8 years) were studied. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood, amplified by PCR and submitted to automatic sequence. No mutation in the coding region of Tpit was found, whereas the new single nucleotide polymorphism p.S343G, in heterozygous state, was found in the same frequency in both PDH and control groups. We concluded that Tpit gain-of-function mutations are not involved in the etiology of PDH in Poodle dogs.
Keywords : dog; ACTH-dependent hyperadrenocorticism; Tpit; mutation.