Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
BARBOSA, V.M. et al. Evaluation of eggshell quality from broiler breeder hens with different ages. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.4, pp. 1036-1044. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000400033.
We conducted a study on eggshell quality from Cobb® broiler breeders at different ages by assessing the relationship between eggshell weight and egg weight and analysis of specific weight, thickness, porosity, strength and electron microscopy. Both treatments were defined by broiler breeder age, considering eggs from young breeders (33 weeks) and eggs from old breeders (63 weeks). It was observed that eggs from breeders at 33 weeks have lower weight and number of pores per cm2 compared with eggs from older birds. 63 weeks broiler breeders had lower percentage of eggshell in relation to egg weight, lower specific weight, strength and thickness, when compared with eggs from young breeders. The proportion of shell membranes in relation to its total thickness was significantly higher in young breeders. It was concluded that eggs from older broiler breeders have lower eggshell quality than the young breeders. The shell membranes in young breeder's eggs play a significant role in its structure, making it necessary to focus on this layer in future studies on eggshell quality and their relationship between breeder age and incubation yield.
Keywords : broiler breeders; eggshell quality; incubation.