Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
On-line version ISSN 1678-4162
RESTLE, J. et al. Effect of sorghum hybrids silage associated to percentage of concentrate levels on the performance of steers. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.5, pp.1239-1245. ISSN 1678-4162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000500023.
The feedlot performance of steers fed forage sorghum and double purpose hybrids silage associated with concentrate levels was evaluated. A total of 60 steers, initial age 20 months and body weight of 322.45±5.58kg, were randomized in the treatments: three concentrate levels and two types of sorghum silage. The interaction of sorghum silage versus concentrate levels was observed for dry matter intake and average daily weight gain, which increased with the increase concentrate level in diets with forage sorghum silage, but was not altered in diets with double purpose silage. Steers fed forage sorghum silage presented a lower average intake of digestible energy (27.89Mcal/day-1) than those fed double purpose sorghum silage (31.42Mcal/day-1). The average feed conversion was not affected by the type of silage used. The increase of concentrate level in diets with lower forage quality increases the biological efficiency of feedlot beef cattle.
Keywords : beef cattle; double purpose sorghum; forage sorghum; intake; weight gain.