Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
BICUDO, A.J.A.; SADO, R.Y. and CYRINO, J.E.P.. Growth, body composition and hematology of juvenile pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) fed increasing levels of ractopamine. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.5, pp. 1335-1342. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000500034.
The effects of four levels of dietary ractopamine (RAC) on growth, body composition and hematology of pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus juveniles (103.6±3.3g) were studied. Fish were housed into 12 circular tanks of 1 m3 - 15 fish per tank - and fed for 60 days with practical diets supplemented with 0; 10; 20 or 40mg RAC per kg of diet, in a totally randomized design trial (n=3). Fish fed diets containing up to 40mg RAC/kg diet for 60 days did not have improved growth or body composition parameters. There were no significant differences in hematocrit, hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin. Plasma glucose and triglycerides were significantly smaller in fish fed with RAC; however no significant differences between RAC levels were detected. The inclusion of up to 40mg RAC/kg of diet did not improve growth and body composition, but influenced some hematological and biochemical parameters of juvenile pacu.
Keywords : fish; feed additive; repartitioning agents; Piaractus mesopotamicus; nutrition; hematological parameters.