Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Print version ISSN 0102-0935
SILVA, N.M.A. et al. Influence of somatic cell count and total bacterial counts of raw milk in cheese yield using small-scale methodology. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2012, vol.64, n.5, pp. 1367-1372. ISSN 0102-0935. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352012000500038.
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the influence of SCC and TBC of raw milk in cheese yield, using a reduced scale method, and to evaluate theoretical prediction of cheese yield. 270 samples of raw milk were split into three SCC levels (below 200,000; 200,000-750,000; above 750,000 SC/mL) and three TBC levels (below 100,000; 100,000-750,000; above 750,000 CFU/mL). Raw milk samples were submitted to compositional analysis (fat, protein, lactose, total solids and SNF content), SCC, TBC, freezing point and pH. The production of the small-scale cheese was conducted according to the method developed at Cornell University (Melilli et al., 2002). Cheese whey samples were submitted to compositional analysis (fat, total protein, true protein, lactose, total solids and SNF content) and SCC. The increase in the SCC of raw milk resulted in increased protein loss in cheese whey. High SCC (above 200,000 SC/mL) in milk samples was correlated to reduced dry matter yield. There was no effect of TBC in cheese yield in the experimental conditions used. There was a high correlation between the theoretical yield values and the yield values predicted by the small-scale method, indicating that this method is appropriate for cheese yield prediction.
Keywords : raw milk; SCC; TBC; yield.