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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 0102-0935

Abstract

NASCIMENTO, T. Pajeú et al. Production of biocompounds with antimicrobial activity of Streptomyces sp. Isolated in face of goat mastitis. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2014, vol.66, n.1, pp.101-108. ISSN 0102-0935.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352014000100015.

Actinomycetes are a leading producer of enzymes, vitamins and secondary metabolites, especially the genus Streptomyces, which have a large capacity for the production of natural antibiotics and are effective against various micro-organisms including Staphylococcus sp. Due to this efficiency in combating micro-organisms, the aim of this study was to evaluate the production of metabolites with antimicrobial activity produced by Streptomyces isolated from lichens 67 in the Amazonia, compared to isolates from goat mastitis (Staphylococcus aureus) in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. We used a complete factorial design to evaluate the influence of concentrations of carbon sources (glucose) at 0%, 0.5% and 1% and nitrogen (soybean flour) at 1%, 2.5% and 4% in the production of antimicrobial metabolites, and the influence of the pH, microbial biomass and activity variables. Of the studied Streptomyces DPUA 1566 what stood out was the formation of inhibition halos between 18 to 26 mm compared to the isolates from goats mastitis. It was noted that the carbon source inhibited the production of antimicrobial metabolites when subjected to a glucose concentration of 1%. However, after the discontinuation, Streptomyces showed a high capacity to produce metabolites with antimicrobial activity, which has an excellent potential for the treatment of mastitis in goats.

Keywords : goat; Actinomycetes; Staphylococcus aureus; mastitis.

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