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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 0102-0935

Abstract

LAZZARI, A.M. et al. Clinical and laboratory aspects of mastitis induced by intramammary inoculation of Staphylococcus aureus in cows and buffaloes. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2014, vol.66, n.5, pp.1299-1307. ISSN 0102-0935.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-6908.

Several aspects related to bubaline mastits need to be clarified. Many conducts are adapted to this species by the knowledge adquired with the bovine species. This experiment aimed to evidence particularities of mastits in buffaloes and cows submitted to one-gland inoculation with 1.0 x 103 CFU of S. aureus. The animals were monitored through bacterial culturing milk, California Mastitis Test (CMT) and scores to assess the severity of mastitis. The following criteria were used: rectal temperature, appetite, milk production (systemic response to inflammation), somatic cell count (SCC), appearance/consistency of the gland and appearance of the milk secretion (localized response to inflammation). All animals developed hyperacute clinical mastitis. The bacteria was recovered from all challenged glands, with no significant difference in the percentage of isolation between the species until day 11 after inoculation, but with a difference (p<0.001) on day 30 post inoculation. The SCC with the electronic method and CMT, detected in buffaloes a more intense response right after the inoculation and a faster decrease of counting by the end of the experiment, when compared to cows. In both tests correlation with the bacterial culture was detected. In assessing the severity of mastitis, the averages of total score, of the score of local response and the systemic response score were higher in the bovine species (P<0.05). Throughout the observation period, there was a higher capacity of buffaloes in reaching the appropriate sanitary status, coming to the end of the experiment with the parameters closer to the physiological.

Keywords : bovine; bubaline; mastitis induction; S. aureus.

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