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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1678-4162

Abstract

SELEGATO, A. L. M. et al. Association between soybean oil and fish oil in the diet of lactating goats as a strategy to improve milk fatty acids profile. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2015, vol.67, n.5, pp.1429-1437. ISSN 1678-4162.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4162-8044.

ABSTRACT

The aims in this experiment were to determine the effects of the association between soybean and fish oils on dry matter intake (DMI) and nutrient intake, body weight change, milk production and composition and milk fatty acid profile of dairy goats. The animals were housed in tie stalls and fed a 50% of coastcross hay and 50% concentrate diet. Nine multiparous crossbred Boer x Saanen goats were assigned in tree 3 X 3 Latin Squares. The experimental period lasted 51 days; divided into three periods of 17 days, being the first nine days used to adapt goats to diets and the 4 other days for data collection. Experimental diets were: a) control diet (CT) without oil; b) control diet supplemented with 3% of soybean oil (SO); and c) control diet supplemented with 2.5% of soybean oil plus 0.5% of fish oil (SO+F). DMI was negatively influenced by oil addition. However, feed efficiency was higher in diets with oils, maintaining similar milk production (P>0.05 for all comparisons). The supply of oils changed milk fatty acids profile (P<0.05), increasing the concentrations of medium and long-chain fatty acids and reducing short-chain. Milk from goats fed the SO+F diet had higher concentration of vaccenic (398%), rumenic acid (352%) and total CLA (341%). The results indicate that the oil supply increased the feed efficiency of goats, and that the combination of soybean and fish oils caused a higher elevation of fatty acids considered to have health benefits.

Keywords : CLA; milk composition; performance.

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