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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1678-4162

Abstract

VELOSO, R. C. et al. Reaction norm models for the study of meat quality of European quail in function of (methionine + cysteine): lysine diet ratio. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2015, vol.67, n.5, pp.1438-1448. ISSN 1678-4162.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4162-7940.

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of breeding values for meat quality traits of European quails fed different (methionine + cystine): lysine ratio diets from hatch to 21 days of age, using reaction norm models. A total of 9011 meat quality records from 1400 progenies of 80 sires and 160 dams from two lines (LF1 and LF2) were used in the analyses considering homogeneity of residual variance. The quails from hatch to 21 days of age were fed diets containing 0.61, 0.66, 0.71, 0.76 and 0.81 (methionine + cystine): lysine ratios, 26.12% of crude protein and 2900 ME/kcal of diet. From 22 to 35 days of age all quail were fed a diet containing 22% of crude protein and 3050 kcal ME/kg of diet. The random regression model analyses was performed using the WOMBAT program considering homogeneity of residual variance. Genetic variance and heritability estimates were affected by the environment gradient of diet and line, increasing these estimates with the increase of the (methionine + cystine): lysine ratio of the diet. The breeding values changed with the increase of the environment gradient of the diet with changes in the rank of genetic breeding values characterizing the existence of genotype by environment interaction for meat quality traits. Predictions of meat quality trait breeding values based on a given (methionine + cystine): lysine ratio are not valid for other levels of the amino acid ratio.

Keywords : genetic evaluation; homogeneity of residual variance; genetic variance; genotype x environment interaction.

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