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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1678-4162

Abstract

CASTILLO, C.A.; JARAMILLO, C.; LOAIZA, M.J.  and  BLANCO, R.. Equine metabolic syndrome in Colombian creole horse: case report. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2017, vol.69, n.5, pp.1067-1072. ISSN 1678-4162.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4162-9119.

The equine metabolic syndrome is a condition that can be recognized because of obesity, insulin resistance and laminitis. Genetic factors could play a role in the occurrence of this syndrome. Certain breeds such as ponies (including the South American creole horses) have a lower sensibility to insulin and a higher prevalence of hyperinsulinemia. The environment and management conditions, such as overfeeding and lack of exercise are factors that bring a propensity for obesity. The adipose tissue works as an endocrine organ producing hormones (adipokines or adipocytokines) that affect the horse´s metabolism. The objective of this report is to describe the first case report of a Colombian creole mare with a metabolic syndrome, diagnosed by means of the combined test of glucose-insulin and clinical signs. Early diagnosis of this entity and an adequate treatment are useful for improving the life and the zootechnical conditions of the patient.

Keywords : equine; insulin resistance; obesity; laminitis.

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