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Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia

On-line version ISSN 1678-4162

Abstract

REGALIN, D. et al. Metabolic and hemodynamic evaluation of two long term sedation protocols in dogs. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec. [online]. 2017, vol.69, n.5, pp.1215-1224. ISSN 1678-4162.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-4162-9304.

We aimed to determine the hemodynamic and metabolic parameters of two sedative protocols for long-term ventilation in dogs. Twelve dogs, were randomly allocated in two groups (n=6) who received constant rate infusion (CRI) of midazolam (0,5mg/kg/h), fentanyl (10µg/kg/h) and propofol (18mg/kg/h) in GMF or ketamine (0,6 mg/kg/h), morphine (0,26mg/kg/h) and propofol (18mg/kg/h) in GCM, during 24 hours. The dogs were mechanically ventilated to normocapnia with FiO2 of 40%. Heart rate decreased 32% in GMF and 34% in GCM during infusion time reducing CI in 24% at GMF and 29% at GCM. CaO2, CmvO2, DO2 and VO2 decreased in GCM (5%, 16%, 31% and 7% respectively) and GMF (4%, 19%, 26% and 15% respectively). Extraction ratio increased 32% in GMF and 36% in GCM without differences between groups; however, decreased VO2, evaluated for indirect calorimetry, suggests minimization of DO2 reduction. No differences between time to extubation, sternal recumbency and total recovery time were observed between groups, with an average of 33,8±15,9, 134,8±60,7 e 208±77,5 minutes respectively. We conclude that both protocols allowed mechanical ventilation with IC and DO2 reduction without metabolic and hemodynamic impairment, and can be safely used in healthy dogs.

Keywords : mechanical ventilation; propofol; ketamine; midazolam; opioids.

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