Revista Brasileira de Geofísica
versión impresa ISSN 0102-261X
BECEGATO, Valter Antonio y FERREIRA, Francisco José Fonseca. Gamaespectrometria, resistividade elétrica e susceptibilidade magnética de solos agrícolas no noroeste do estado do Paraná. Rev. Bras. Geof. [online]. 2005, vol.23, n.4, pp.371-405. ISSN 0102-261X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-261X2005000400004.
Gamma-ray spectrometry, electrical resistivity, and magnetic susceptibility measurements were taken from agricultural areas near the City of Maringá, in the Northwest region of the Paraná state, south Brazil, in order to characterize the spatial distribution of radionuclides (K, eU, and eTh), the apparent resistivity, and the magnetic susceptibility determined for soils. Three different types of soils are present in this agricultural area: Alfisoil, clayey texture Oxisoil, both deriving from Lower Cretaceous basalts of the Serra Geral Formation; and medium texture Oxisoil from reworked Serra Geral and Goio-Erê formations, the latter deriving from sandstones of the Upper Cretaceous Caiuá Group. It could be observed that in more clayey soils both concentration of radionuclides and susceptibility values are higher than in more sandy soils, especially due to the higher adsorption in the former and to the higher availability of magnetic minerals in the latter. The average ppm and Bq Kg-1 grades for K, eU, and eTh in the areas under anthropic activity are of 1766-54.75, 0.83-10.22, and 1.78-7.27, respectively. These grades are significantly higher than those of non-occupied or non-fertilized areas (1101-34.15 K, 0.14-1.69 eU, and 1.31-5.36 eTh in ppm and Bq Kg-1, respectively.) Correlations were observed between uranium and clay, uranium and magnetic susceptibility, uranium and organic matter, and between electric resistivity and clay grades. Varied concentrations of radionuclides were also observed in different fertilizer formulations applied to soy and wheat cultures. Apparent electric resistivity values between 25 and 647 Ohm.m and magnectic susceptibility values between 0.28 e 1.10 × 10-3 SI due to clay and magnetic minerals represented important soil discrimination factors in the study area that can be incorporated as easy, low-cost soil mapping tools.
Palabras clave : Gamma-ray spectrometry; electrical resistivity; magnetic susceptibility; agriculture; soils; fertilizers.