Revista Brasileira de Geofísica
versión impresa ISSN 0102-261X
SANTOS, Marcelo Soares Teles y SA, Nelsi Côgo de. O uso do GPS em levantamentos geofísicos terrestres. Rev. Bras. Geof. [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.1, pp. 63-80. ISSN 0102-261X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-261X2006000100005.
From analysis of the GPS positioning of 38 bench marks, in a profile located at São Paulo State, some procedures for GPS use in terrestrial geophysical surveys are suggested. The static relative positioning by dual frequencies receivers, from sessions of 60 minutes, was used as reference. The geodetic coordinates were obtained by using several processing strategies, varying the receiver type (single and dual frequencies), the number of baselines (1 and 3), the length of baseline (2 to 250 km) and the session time (10 to 60 minutes). The orthometric heights were obtained in a relative way, using the 5 nearest stations of RGSP. The statistical analysis of residuals of the obtained coordinates and heights with respect to the reference values, generated information about the accuracy of the geodetic positioning by GPS, as a function of analyzed parameters. From the obtained results, the GPS positioning methods were specified to local and regional geophysical surveys, according to its characteristics. Therefore, to obtain an accuracy of 10 cm from baselines greater than 30 km, dual frequency receivers and sessions greater than 30 minutes must be used. For baselines lower than 30 km, may be used dual or single frequency receivers with 30 minutes sessions.
Palabras clave : GPS positioning; levelling by GPS; geophysical surveys.