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Revista Brasileira de Geofísica
versão impressa ISSN 0102-261X
MACEDO, Helber Carvalho; FIGUEIREDO JR., Alberto Garcia de e MACHADO, João Carlos. Propriedades acústicas (velocidade de propagação e coeficiente de atenuação) de sedimentos marinhos coletados nas proximidades da Ilha do Cabo Frio, RJ. Rev. Bras. Geof. [online]. 2009, vol.27, n.2, pp.195-204. ISSN 0102-261X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-261X2009000200004.
Acoustic properties (wave propagation velocity and attenuation coefficient) of marine sediments are related to grain-size. In laboratory, an ultrasonic system of 2.25 MHz was implemented to take measures of compressional wave propagation. Nine (9) piston-cores were collected, totaling twelve (12) meters of sediment. Before splitting the cores, approximately 2,550 measurements were taken. Results permitted to construct sound speed profiles and 3D attenuation coefficient diagram in the frequency domain. Interfaces between sedimentary layers were also identified. The highest value of sound speed (1,752 m/s) was measured in medium sands. Sandy mud and consolidated mud registered the lowest values of this research (1,492 and 1,498 m/s, respectively), indicating a trend of increased Vp related to increased grain-size. The highest values of attenuation coefficient (1,750 and 1,550 dB/m, respectively) were measured in muddy sands and sandy mud, for the reference frequency 1.6 MHz. The lowest values were registered by fine sands and fluid mud (400 and 500 dB/m). These results indicate that cohesive sedimentscomposed by heterogeneous mixtures have higher values of attenuation.
Palavras-chave : acoustic properties; wave propagation velocity; attenuation coefficient; marine sediments.