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Revista Brasileira de Geofísica
versión impresa ISSN 0102-261X
PINHO, Marcelo Peres de et al. Depósitos fosfáticos marinhos na costa sudeste e sul do Brasil: potenciais áreas de ocorrência identificadas com dados de retroespalhamento acústico do fundo e sedimentológicos analisados sobre mapa batimétrico 3D. Rev. Bras. Geof. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.1, pp. 113-126. ISSN 0102-261X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-261X2011000100008.
Bathymetric, sedimentological and seabed acoustic backscatter data were integrated into a 3D GIS (Geographic Information System). 38 kHz echo sounders were used to collect data over 14,596 nautical miles during six fish biomass assessment cruises over the continental shelf, slope and adjacent oceanic regions between Chuí-RS (34°S) and Cape São Tomé-RJ (22°S), Brazil. The bathymetric set of data were complemented with satellite altimetry and also with data from general bathymetric charts in order to build a bathymetric grid with 5,397,090 points. From this grid, a 3D virtual representation of the seabed was generated, using the language for description of three-dimensional interactive environments X3D. Bottom features such as Rio Grande Cone and Terrace, São Paulo Plateau and others, were identified in the bathymetric maps. 3D GIS implementation allowed to analyze backscatter and sedimentological information over the bathymetric grid, demonstrating to be a useful tool to highlight areas with characteristically phosphatic deposits. 3D GIS proved to be more valuable than two-dimensional representations because allowed observation of details and interpretation of information from different not static viewpoints.
Palabras clave : marine acoustics; phosphate deposits; bathymetry; 3D GIS.