Revista Brasileira de Estudos de População
versão impressa ISSN 0102-3098
ALBERTO, Serafim Adriano; LIMA, Luciana C. de; RODRIGUES, Roberto Nascimento e MACHADO, Carla Jorge. Factors related to neonatal and post-neonatal mortality in Mozambique. Rev. bras. estud. popul. [online]. 2011, vol.28, n.1, pp. 203-216. ISSN 0102-3098. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-30982011000100011.
This article describes and analyzes factors related to neonatal and post-neonatal deaths in Mozambique between 1998 and 2003, based on information from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Distributions in the frequency of the selected characteristics for the neonatal and post-neonatal segments were studied. Multiple logistic regression with binary responses, and sequential entrance of the variables were used in order to verify changes in the levels and significance of the coefficients. The most important findings are related to the unequivocal associated factors in the odds of neonatal and post-neonatal deaths, such as being the first child, small size at birth, and residence in the northern region of the country. Mothers' being between the ages of 30 and 34 was seen as a protective element against infant mortality in both segments. In contrast, mothers being in the age group between 10 and 19 was shown to be a factor that increased odds of post-neonatal death. Size at birth was also seen as a factor of protection for the post-neonatal segment, as was residence in the southern region of Mozambique. Finally, the death rate was lower among post-neonatal newborns who were given birth at home.
Palavras-chave : Mozambique; Infant mortality rate; Neonatal mortality; Post-neonatal mortality.