Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
SHELLEY, A. J.. Simuliidae and the transmission and control of human Onchocerciasis in Latin America. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1991, vol.7, n.3, pp.310-327. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1991000300003.
Factors that affect the propensity of a simuliid species to act as a host to Onchocerca volvulus and to naturally transmit this filarial worm in nature are discussed. Presence or absence of a cibarial armature is believed to be a major factor that has been previously overlooked and this is considered in relation to the choice of control methods currently advocated for onchocerciasis. The current epidemiological studies, transmission dynamics and relevant control measures are discussed for each onchocerciasis focus in Latin America.