Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
GUIMARAES, Lenir Vaz; LATORRE, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira and BARROS, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo. Risk factors for short stature in preschool children. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 1999, vol.15, n.3, pp. 605-615. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X1999000300018.
A case-control study was conducted to know the magnitude of the effect of main risk factors for short stature of pre-school children in a city in São Paulo State, in 1995. An anthropometric survey carried out with all children (1201) attending public pre-school classes was used to select the case and the control groups. It was selected a random sample of 165 children among those with stature/age £ -1 Z score (case) and another sample of 165 among those with stature/age ³ +1 Z score (control). The mothers or persons responsible for these children were interviewed in order to obtain information on demographic, maternal and socio-economic variables. The multiple logistic hierarchical analysis showed the following variables as associated with pre school children's short stature: mother's educational level (OR = 2,1; CI: 1,1-3,8); per capita family income £ 0,5 SM (OR = 3,4; CI: 1,5-8,0); number of persons in the house ³ 6 (OR = 3,7; CI: 1,5-9,0); number of domestic equipment £ 1 (OR = 4,4; CI: 1,8-10,7); birth length < 48 (OR = 7,4; CI: 2,3-23,7), mother's stature £ 156,6 (OR = 5,9; CI: 3,1-11,0) and father's stature (OR = 4,2; CI: 2,1-8,6). We was found that even in a population of preschool children without nutritional deficiency (as measured by the usual anthropometric index) it is possible to observe the effect of socio economic variables in children stature.
Keywords : Nutritional Status; Anthropometry; Pre-School Child; Case-Control Studies.