Cadernos de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0102-311X
JUNQUEIRA, Virginia et al. Equity in the health sector: evaluation of public policy in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, 1993-1997. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2002, vol.18, n.4, pp. 1087-1101. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2002000400014.
This article evaluates government measures to reduce inequity in the health sector in Belo Horizonte from 1993 to 1997. Our hypothesis is that a municipal administration committed to equity can reduce disparities in health with the support of the Unified National Health System (SUS). The methodology used an urban quality of life index in Belo Horizonte to detect social inequalities in living conditions, as well as differences between the component indices in the infant mortality rate. Other municipal measures were assessed according to the investment resulting from the implementation of a participatory local budget and open planning process. The urban quality of life index appeared to be an appropriate measure for orienting municipal administration. The infant mortality rate proved to be a good indicator for measuring inequality in health. There was a reduction in IMR and mortality reducing gaps in the districts studied. We observed greater investment of physical and financial resources in the districts with the lowest urban quality of life index, and it can thus be stated that the municipal administration reduced the prevailing inequalities.
Palabras llave : Equity; Living Conditions; Health Policy; Evaluation of Public Health Interventions.