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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-4464

Resumo

MOREIRA, Rafael da Silveira; NICO, Lucélia Silva; TOMITA, Nilce Emy  e  RUIZ, Tânia. Oral health of Brazilian elderly: a systematic review of epidemiologic status and dental care access. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.6, pp.1665-1675. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600013.

Population aging and declining birth rate have significantly altered the Brazilian age structure pyramid. In parallel with demographic transition, epidemiological transition is altering morbidity-mortality profiles, without adequate health support for the elderly population group. By searching databases, the objective of this study was a systemic literature review from 1986 to 2004 concerning the most prevalent oral problems experienced by elderly Brazilians, aimed at revealing the main obstacles for accessing health services. Mean DMFT index values in this study ranged from 25 to 31. Most articles reported a high percentage of edentulism. The main barriers for access to dental services were poor education, low income, and scarcity of public oral health services. Brazilian elderly oral health is thus precarious, with high edentulism rates, periodontal problems, decayed teeth, and great need for prostheses, reflecting the historical inefficacy of public dental services, limited to serial extractions and emergency services, based on the curative model.

Palavras-chave : Oral Health; Health Services Accessibility; Aged.

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