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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

On-line version ISSN 1678-4464


MENNA-BARRETO, Marcio et al. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II in Guaraní Indians, Southern Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.6, pp.1947-1951. ISSN 1678-4464.

Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) is found in many New World Indian groups on the American continent. In Brazil, HTLV-II has been found among urban residents and Indians in the Amazon region, in the North. Guaraní Indians in the South of Brazil were studied for HTLV-I/II infection. Among 52 individuals, three (5.76%) showed positive anti-HTLV-II antibodies (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot). This preliminary report is the first seroepidemiological study showing HTLV-II infection among Indians in the South of Brazil.

Keywords : HTLV-II; HTLV-II Infections; South American Indians; Seroepidemiologic Studies.

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