Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MENNA-BARRETO, Marcio et al. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II in Guaraní Indians, Southern Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.21, n.6, pp.1947-1951. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2005000600045.
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type II (HTLV-II) is found in many New World Indian groups on the American continent. In Brazil, HTLV-II has been found among urban residents and Indians in the Amazon region, in the North. Guaraní Indians in the South of Brazil were studied for HTLV-I/II infection. Among 52 individuals, three (5.76%) showed positive anti-HTLV-II antibodies (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot). This preliminary report is the first seroepidemiological study showing HTLV-II infection among Indians in the South of Brazil.
Keywords : HTLV-II; HTLV-II Infections; South American Indians; Seroepidemiologic Studies.