Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0102-311X
BRICENO-LEON, Roberto. Chagas disease and globalization of the Amazon. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.23, suppl.1, pp. S33-S40. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2007001300005.
The increasing number of autochthonous cases of Chagas disease in the Amazon since the 1970s has led to fear that the disease may become a new public health problem in the region. This transformation in the disease's epidemiological pattern in the Amazon can be explained by environmental and social changes in the last 30 years. The current article draws on the sociological theory of perverse effects to explain these changes as the unwanted result of the shift from the "inward" development model prevailing until the 1970s to the "outward" model that we know as globalization, oriented by industrial forces and international trade. The current article highlights the implementation of five new patterns in agriculture, cattle-raising, mining, lumbering, and urban occupation that have generated changes in the environment and the traditional indigenous habitat and have led to migratory flows, deforestation, sedentary living, the presence of domestic animals, and changes in the habitat that facilitate colonization of human dwellings by vectors and the domestic and work-related transmission of the disease. The expansion of Chagas disease is thus a perverse effect of the globalization process in the Amazon.
Keywords : Chagas Disease; Communicable Diseases; Amazon Ecosystem.