Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MOGOLLON-PEREZ, Amparo Susana and VAZQUEZ, María Luisa. Factors affecting access to health care institutions by the internally displaced population in Colombia. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2008, vol.24, n.4, pp. 745-754. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2008000400004.
In Colombia, the on-going armed conflict causes displacement of thousands of persons that suffer its economic, social, and health consequences. Despite government regulatory efforts, displaced people still experience serious problems in securing access to health care. In order to analyze the institutional factors that affect access to health care by the internally displaced population, a qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive study was carried out by means of semi-structured individual interviews with a criterion sample of stakeholders (81). A narrative content analysis was performed, with mixed generation of categories and segmentation of data by themes and informants. Inadequate funding, providers' problems with reimbursement by insurers, and lack of clear definition as to coverage under the Social Security System in Health pose barriers to access to health care by the internally displaced population. Bureaucratic procedures, limited inter- and intra-sector coordination, and scarce available resources for public health service providers also affect access. Effective government action is required to ensure the right to health care for this population.
Keywords : Displaced Persons; Acess to Health Care; Health Services.