Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
VIVAN, Analise de Souza and ARGIMON, Irani Iracema de Lima. Coping strategies, functional difficulties, and associated factors in institutionalized elderly. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.2, pp.436-444. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000200022.
The aim of this study was to analyze the strategies used by elderly people to cope with functional difficulties, and to investigate a possible association between such strategies and variables like depressive symptoms, gender, schooling, marital status, and self-perceived health. 103 institutionalized elderly individuals participated in the study. They required assistance for at least one activity of daily living. The study was cross-sectional and used the following indicators: Personal Data Chart, Activities of Daily Living Scale, Modified Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Mini-Mental Examination, Coping Strategies Inventory, and Geriatric Depression Scale. The most widely used coping strategies in the sample were self-control and problem solving. Significant associations were found between schooling and depression. The findings suggest that assessing coping strategies for stressful events can assist analysis of the situation and appropriate adaptation of the chosen strategies, so as to foster changes within the medical context.
Keywords : Health of Institutionalized Elderly; Depression; Frail Elderly.