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Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
BAPTISTA, Gerson Henrique; ANDRADE, Adriano Herbert H. K. Gonçalves de and GIOLO, Suely Ruiz. Factors associated with duration of breastfeeding for children of low-income families from southern Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.3, pp. 596-604. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000300014.
Various studies have focused on breastfeeding and the possible factors associated with early weaning. This study aimed to identify risk factors and protective factors for duration of breastfeeding in low-income families in southern Curitiba, Paraná State, Brazil. A cohort study from November 2006 to March 2007 included 118 mothers of children less than two years of age and enrolled in the TC Health Unit (USTC) located in the southern area of Curitiba. Statistical analyses using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression model identified the following protective factors for breastfeeding: mother's awareness of the benefits of extended breastfeeding, exclusive feeding with mother's breast milk while in the maternity ward, and rooming-in. Factors contributing to early weaning were low birth weight, mother's work outside the home, and difficulties experienced by the mother in breastfeeding during the first days postpartum.
Keywords : Breast Feeding; Weaning; Infant.