Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
VILLELA, Wilza Vieira and BARBER-MADDEN, Rosemary. The gender approach in community AIDS projects in Mozambique: agreement and disagreement between government and civil society. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.3, pp. 694-699. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000300025.
This article discusses some areas where government and civil society converge and clash in their gender approaches in community HIV/AIDS projects in Mozambique, based on an evaluative study conducted in 2006 encompassing 160 of the 1,124 NGO projects undertaken with the support of the country's national AIDS council, known as the Conselho Nacional de Combate ao SIDA (CNCS). An analysis of projects and official documents shows that, for the CNCS, the term "gender" represents a way of underscoring the epidemic's impact on women. In community projects, the gender approach often times finds expression in initiatives to mitigate the economic impact of the epidemic on widows. Initiatives aimed at men and at the population as a whole generally pay little attention to power relations between men and women or their affect on the epidemic. This suggests that any endeavor to transfer Western analytical techniques or forms of intervention for coping with the HIV/AIDS epidemic to other regions of the world demands painstaking efforts to translate these and adapt them to local cultural standards.
Keywords : Acquired Inmunodeficiency Syndrome; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Gender; Africa.