Cadernos de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1678-4464
MARTINS, Carolina Castro et al. Agreement in the diagnosis of dental fluorosis in central incisors performed by a standardized photographic method and clinical examination. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.5, pp.1017-1024. ISSN 1678-4464. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000500008.
The aim of this study was to assess agreement in the diagnosis of dental fluorosis performed by a standardized digital photographic method and a clinical examination (gold standard). 49 children (aged 7-9 years) were clinically evaluated by a trained examiner for the assessment of dental fluorosis. Central incisors were evaluated for the presence or absence of dental fluorosis and were photographed with a digital camera. Photographs were presented to three pediatric dentists, who examined the images. Data were analyzed using Cohen's kappa and validity values. Agreement in the diagnosis performed by the photographic method and clinical examination was good (0.67) and accuracy was 83.7%. The prevalence of dental fluorosis was reported to be higher in the clinical examination (49%) compared with the photographic method (36.7%). The photographic method presented higher specificity (96%) than sensitivity (70.8%), a positive predictive value (PPV) of 94.4% and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 77.4%. The diagnosis of dental fluorosis performed using the photographic method presented high specificity and PPV, which indicates that the method is reproducible and reliable for recording dental fluorosis.
Keywords : Dental Photography; Dental Fluorosis; Reproducibility of Results; Sensitivity and Specificity.