Cadernos de Saúde Pública
versión impresa ISSN 0102-311X
OLIVEIRA, Andreia Ferreira de et al. Global burden of disease attributable to diabetes mellitus in Brazil. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.6, pp. 1234-1244. ISSN 0102-311X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2009000600006.
Type II diabetes mellitus accounts for 90% of all cases of diabetes, and its inclusion in health evaluation has shown that its complications have a considerable impact on the population's quality of life. The current article presents the results of the Global Burden of Disease Study in Brazil for the year 1998, with an emphasis on diabetes mellitus and its complications. The indicator used was disability-adjusted life years (DALY), using a discount rate of 3%. In Brazil, ischemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes accounted for 14.7% of total lost DALYs. Brazil showed a higher proportion of years lived with disability (YLDs) among total DALYs for diabetes as compared to other countries. Retinopathy and neuropathy were the complications that contributed most to YLDs. According to forecasts, diabetes mellitus will have an increasing impact on years of life lost due to premature death and disability in the world, shifting from the 11th to 7th cause of death by 2030. It is thus urgent to implement effective measures for prevention, early diagnosis, counseling, and adequate follow-up of patients with diabetes mellitus.
Palabras llave : Diabetes Mellitus; Potential Years of Life Lost; Cost of Illness.