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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

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RODRIGUES, Cristina Guimarães  and  MAIA, Alexandre Gori. How does social position influence self-reported health status? A comparative analysis between 1998 and 2003. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2010, vol.26, n.4, pp.762-774. ISSN 0102-311X.

The aim of this paper is to analyze how the social position of families affects self-reported health status, based on data from the 1998 and 2003 National Sample Household Survey of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (PNAD-IBGE). The method was based on descriptive statistics and logistic regression to capture the conditional relationship between health status, social position, and other control variables, such as age, sex, race/color, income, education, and place of residence. The results show that the same hierarchy of the occupational classes is reproduced in self-reported health status. There was an increase in inequalities in the period, with a reduction in the prevalence of healthy workers in the lower social strata and an increase in the upper strata. Although there were more healthy individuals in non-agricultural classes, the probability of good self-reported health was higher among agricultural workers, after the other control variables were added to the regression models. The results emphasize the need to analyze health inequalities from the perspective of social stratification.

Keywords : Social Class; Self-Rated Health; Health Inequalities.

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