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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

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CARMO, Tatiane Almeida do; ANDRADE, Selma Maffei de  e  CERCI NETO, Alcindo. Evaluation of an asthma control program in family health units. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.1, pp.162-172. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000100017.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the asthma control program in Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil. This is a cross-sectional study, comparing a family health unit (USF) with a consolidated program with two USFs without one. Interviews were performed with 313 asthma patients, 168 from the USF with a consolidated program and 145 from the USFs without one. In the studied sample, there were significant differences (p < 0.001) in the use of bronchodilators and in the number of emergency department visits between the USF with and without a consolidated program. Among the patients enrolled in the USF with a consolidated program, 55.4% reported the use of bronchodilator, in comparison with 74.5% of those enrolled in the two USF without a consolidated program. Respectively 29.2% and 55.9% of the patients from the USFs with and without a consolidated program needed emergency department care. A well-organized asthma control program may result in reduction of emergency department visits due to asthma exacerbation, thus contributing to improving health indicators and quality of life.

Palavras-chave : Asthma; Program Evaluation; Emergency Medical Services; Hospitalization.

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