SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.27 número8Estudo longitudinal de saúde bucal na coorte de nascidos vivos em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 1982: aspectos metodológicos e resultados principais aos 15 e 24 anos de idadeFatores associados à autoavaliação de saúde ruim em idosos usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão On-line ISSN 1678-4464

Resumo

GONCALVES, Annelise C.; COSTA, Maria da Conceição Nascimento  e  BRAGA, José Uéleres. Spatial analysis of neonatal mortality and associated factors in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil, 2000-2006. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2011, vol.27, n.8, pp.1581-1592. ISSN 1678-4464.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000800013.

An ecological study was performed to identify patterns in the spatial distribution of neonatal mortality and risk areas as well as associated factors in Salvador, Bahia State, Brazil, 2000-2006. A thematic map was constructed, and techniques were used for formal assessment of spatial dependence. No spatial and spatial regression models were used to assess possible relationships between selected factors and spatial distribution of neonatal mortality. Spatial autocorrelation was observed in neonatal mortality (I = 0.17; p = 0.0100), so its distribution was non-random. The analysis showed a spatial pattern in which the highest risk (> 9.0/1,000 live births) was concentrated in the downtown areas and peripheral neighborhoods with the highest concentration of low-income families, and this was associated with the target risk factors. The proportion of low birth weight newborns was the only variable that was significantly associated with neonatal mortality. Living conditions may have contributed to the uneven spatial distribution of neonatal mortality in this city.

Palavras-chave : Spatial Analysis; Neonatal Mortality; Risk Zone; Risk Factors.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf epdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons