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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X


ZAITUNE, Maria Paula do Amaral et al. Factors associated with smoking in the elderly: a health survey in São Paulo (ISA-SP). Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.3, pp.583-596. ISSN 0102-311X.

This article reports on smoking prevalence and associated factors in the elderly, based on a population-based cross-sectional study with multi-stage sampling including 1,954 individuals 60 years or older living in four areas of São Paulo State, Brazil. Overall smoking prevalence was 12.2%, and higher rates were associated with male gender, age 60-69 years, not belonging to an Evangelical church, lower income, low body weight, lack of leisure-time physical activity, depression/anxiety, and hypertension. There was a high prevalence of smokers among individuals with a history of stroke, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The results point to the need for effective interventions in healthcare services to promote smoking cessation among the elderly, since many are unable to stop on their own, even when they have tobacco-related illnesses. Special attention should be paid to individuals that depend on the National Health System, since smoking prevalence is higher in underprivileged socioeconomic groups.

Palavras-chave : Aged; Smoking; Morbidity Surveys; Health Promotion.

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