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Cadernos de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0102-311X

Resumo

BOJORQUEZ, Ietza; SAUCEDO-MOLINA, Teresita de Jesús; JUAREZ-GARCIA, Francisco  e  UNIKEL-SANTONCINI, Claudia. Social environment and risky eating behaviors: an exploratory study in adolescent females in Mexico. Cad. Saúde Pública [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.1, pp.29-39. ISSN 0102-311X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2013000100005.

The objectives of the current study were to explore: (1) the association between the social environment at the city and family levels and risky eating behaviors in adolescent females and (2) the interaction between the social and cultural environment and body mass index (BMI). The data were obtained from a representative survey of female high school students in Mexico State , Mexico (15-19 years). A questionnaire was applied on risky eating behaviors and socio-demographic data. The municipal social and cultural environment was evaluated using the municipal marginalization index. Data analysis used multivariate regression. Prevalence of risky eating behaviors was 4.23%. BMI and family socioeconomic status were directly associated with risky eating behaviors. The municipal marginalization index was not associated with risky eating behaviors. Possible explanations for the latter are that the relevant components of the social and cultural environment were not measured, or that the municipal level does not exert a contextual effect on risky eating behaviors. The effect of BMI on risky eating behaviors was greater in more marginalized municipalities.

Palavras-chave : Feeding Behavior; Eating Disorders; Adolescent.

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